Carolina, Naomi & Travers

**Anti-Gravity Suit**
**Table Hockey**

Anti-Gravity Suit
  • A G-suit, or the more accurately named anti-G suit, is worn by aviators and astronauts who are subject to high levels of acceleration force ('gs'). It is designed to prevent a black-out and G-LOC (g-induced Loss Of Consciousness) caused by the blood pooling in the lower part of the body when under acceleration, thus depriving the brain of blood. Black-out and G-LOC has caused a number of fatal aircraft accidents
  • The first workable anti-gravity suit or flight suit, was developed by a Canadian team led by Doctor Wilbur Franks in 1941
  • It was invented to prevent pilot blackout
  • Air-based G-suits were very common in NATO aircraft of all nations from the 1950s onwards and are still in common use today
  • Astronauts wear G-suits similar to aviators but face different challenges due to the effects of microgravity Aviator G-suits apply uniform pressure to the lower legs to minimize the effects of high acceleration but research from the Canadian Space Agency implies there might be a benefit in having a suit for astronauts that uses a "milking action" to increase blood flow to the upper body
  • Introduced to the market in 1933 by the Rohm and Haas Company
  • Often called acrylic glass (and sometimes Lucite and Perspex), it is a transparent thermoplastic often used as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass
  • A synthetic polymer - a compound derived from petrochemicals
  • Was an important improvement in the design of aircraft windows
  • Essential material used in the auto, lighting, building, and railroad industries

  • IMAX is a motion picture film format and a set of proprietary cinema projection standards created by the Canadian company IMAX Corporation
  • Unique screen design - the surround screen. IMAX has the capacity to record and display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film systems
  • The first IMAX film premiered at Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan
  • The first permanent IMAX 3D theatre was built in Vancouver for Transitions at Expo '86
  • 3D plastic glasses are used by the audience
  • Entertainment for people of all ages

Table Hockey
  • Invented in Toronto in 1932 by the Canadian Donald H. Munro
  • A two player game derived from ice hockey
  • Also called rod hockey game, stick hockey, bubble hockey and board hockey
  • Arcade Version is called dome hockey featuring an acrylic dome
  • Made of metal, acrylic and wood
  • The competitive sport is organized by the International Table Hockey Federation
  • Entertainment for people of all ages

Lester B Pearson

  • One of the most influential Canadians of the 20th century
  • Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for creating the United Nations Emergency Force - the world's first peacekeeping forces - during the Suez Crisis of 1956
  • The UN considered he "saved the world" by organizing the leaders of countries with vested interests in the Suez Canal, a vital conduit for oil, by way of 5-day "fly-around"
  • Prime Minister of Canada from 1963-1968
  • Implemented Universal Health Care
  • Introduced Student Loans and the Canada Pension Plan
  • Signed the Auto Pact, the beginning of free trade between Canada and the US
  • Started the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, making French an official second language
  • Launched Royal Commission which enacted changes that served to
  • Created a new discrimination-free immigration act
  • Brought in new design of the Canadian flag
  • Hockey champion - played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club and won the Spengler Cup in Switzerland in 1923
Terry Fox
  • Canadian humanitarian and cancer research activist
  • Lost his leg due to cancer - metastatic osteocarcinoma - and had an artificial leg
  • Distance runner
  • Basketball player - won three national titles with wheelchair basketball team
  • Began the Marathon of Hope in 1980 - his personal cross-country marathon to raise money for cancer research
  • Ran a full marathon each day
  • During his run, both his brother and best friend drove behind him in an RV, which was soon linked to an increase in RV sales nationwide
  • Cancer Society of Canada supported his run
  • Received donations for a vehicle, running shoes and a running leg
  • Ford Motor Company donated a camper van
  • Imperial Oil contributed fuel
  • Awarded the Order of Canada
  • Hockey legend, Bobby Orr, personally handed him a cheque for $25,000
  • Awarded the Order of Canada

Terry Fox: A Single Dream, A World Of Hope by MojoSupreme

RSS-icon.jpgTerry Fox Foundation RSS feed:
The Terry Fox Foundation

What links these ideas and icons together?

We found that the common thread between all of these seemingly disparate icons and ideas was petroleum products. Many of the key elements essential to the success and development of all of our topics could be linked to some form of useful material derived from crude oil. The Anti-Gravity suit is worn by aviators whose aircraft is powered by a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel. Plexiglas is a highly durable and resistant polymer - a compound commonly derived from petrochemicals. Several vital components of IMAX theatres from the polyester upholstered seating, plastic 3D glasses, and unique film format to the gasoline required to get the staff to work are all comprised of or rely on some form of petroleum product. Much like the petroleum-based acrylic used in the manufacture of table hockey and the modern plastics found in Terry Fox's artificial leg. Likewise, the crux of Lester B Pearson's fame as a master diplomat hinged on the crisis in the Suez Canal, a vital channel for oil, in addition to his signing the Auto Pact. And finally, without his brother and best friend driving behind him during his marathon or the contributions of the Ford Motor Company and Imperial Oil, Terry Fox would never have made it as far as he did nor would his fundraising efforts have been as successful as they were and continue to be through his foundation.

Five Relevant Companies in the Lower Mainland

Current Related Job Postings

Chevron Canada
  1. Environmental Specialist, Burnaby, BC
  2. Process Control Engineering Team Lead

Shell Oil, Fort St John, BC
  1. Rotating Equipment/Reliability Engineer
  2. Operations Process Engineer

Teck Energy:
  1. Senior Transmission Line Design Engineer/Project Manager, Winnipeg, MB

Upstream International Canada
  1. Drilling and Completion Supervisors, BC

  1. Field Sales - Production Systems
  2. Weatherford Engineered Chemistry (Various Positions)
  3. Rental Technician

Ensign Energy
  1. Derrickhand - BC
  2. Driller - BC

Pathfinder (a Schlumberger Company)
  1. Directional Driller

Savanna Energy Services
  1. Rig Manager, Service Rig - Canada

Impact on Provincial Labour Market: Enbridge Northern Gateway Project
There is always the question of environmental and job sustainability in the natural resource industry whether it be due to the finite supply of various resources, changes in global demand or the volatility of these markets. However, with the potential to generate tens of thousands of jobs within BC, these are the projected benefits to British Columbians as outlined by Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines at

  • 4,100 person-years of direct on-site employment in BC
  • 35,000 person-years of total employment (on-site, purchases, indirect, induced) in BC
  • Northeast BC region:
    • 1,150 person years for construction employment; 675 from within the region
    • Peak pipeline construction will require up to 818 people
    • Peak pump station construction will require 56 people
    • 15 jobs for operational employment
  • $112 million in goods and services, Northeast BC:
    • Equipment rentals - $26 million
    • Camps / Accommodations / Catering - $30 million
    • Clearing / logging / salvaging - $16 million
    • Fuel - $12 million
    • Stockpiling Pipe - $5 million
    • Trucking - $5 million
    • Equipment Parts - $5 million
    • Surveying - $2 million
    • Access Roads - $4 million
    • Other Items and Services $6 million
  • BC Central region:
    • 5,160 person years of total construction employment; 3,675 from within region
    • 1,805 person years of direct construction employment; 500 from within region
    • Peak pipeline construction will require 1,322 people
    • Operational employment will create 19 jobs
    • Purchase of goods and services will create 65 jobs
  • $401 million in goods and services, BC Central region:
    • Equipment rentals - $102 million
    • Construction Camps / Catering - $94 million
    • Clearing / logging / salvaging - $61 million
    • Fuel - $42 million
    • Stockpiling Pipe - $15 million
    • Equipment Parts - $20 million
    • Surveying - $7 million
    • Access Roads - $23 million
    • Trucking - $18 million
    • Other Items and Services - $18 million
  • Coastal BC region:
    • 4,025 person years of total construction employment; 2,235 within region
    • 1,715 person years of direct construction employment; 515 from within region
    • Peak terminal construction will require 419 people
    • Peak tunnel and pipeline construction will require 765 people
  • $318 million in goods and services, Coastal BC:
    • Site grading - $121 million
    • Equipment rentals - $34 million
    • Camps / Accommodations / Catering - $81 million
    • Clearing / logging / salvaging - $15 million
    • Fuel - $10 million
    • Stockpiling Pipe - $3 million
    • Equipment Parts - $6 million
    • Trucking - $6 million
    • Surveying - $2 million
    • Access Roads - $35 million
    • Other Items and Services - $5 million

Potential Impact on National and Global Labour Markets


This proposed twin pipeline construction between Bruderheim, Alberta to Kitimat, BC would act as the gateway to the growing and prosperous Pacific Rim economies, where the crude oil would be transported to these Asian markets via oil tankers. Globally, there would be an increase of jobs in oil refining and the respective industries related to petroleum products, feeding the economic growth of multiple sectors. As the stability of this potential project is not guaranteed due to the inherent limited nature of the natural resource industry, these are the projected benefits to the national economy and labour market according to Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines at

  • At $5.5 billion, the Northern Gateway Project is the largest private investment of capital in the history of British Columbia.
  • The Northern Gateway Project will bring significant, lasting benefits to the economy including:
    • $270 billion in GDP over 30 years
    • $400 million in employment and contracts for Aboriginal communities and businesses;
    • $4.3 billion of labour-related income across Canada during construction;
    • $2.6 billion in local, provincial and federal government tax revenues; and
    • 1,150 long-term jobs throughout the Canadian economy.
  • Northern Gateway will draw upon over 60 years of Enbridge experience to ensure the Project is designed and built to world-class safety standards.
  • The project has third-party financial support from both the supply side and the market side.
  • Total local, provincial and federal government tax revenues during 30 years of operations will be approximately $2.6 billion; this includes about $36 million per year estimated to be paid by Northern Gateway as local property taxes
  • About 1,150 long-term job opportunities throughout the Canadian economy, including 104 permanent operating positions created with Northern Gateway and 113 positions with the associated marine services
  • About 62,700 person-years of employment will be created throughout the Canadian economy during the construction phase of the project, with 3,000 direct on-site workers required during the peak period of construction
  • 2,000–3,000 workers will be directly employed during the peak periods of project construction
  • Northern Gateway provides Canada access to fast-growing Asia and Pacific Rim economies. It’s clearly in our national interest to have competition for our resources
  • Canada is one of the world’s few oil-producing countries that is able to increase production to meet increasing global demand, and at the same to time offer political stability, the rule of law, and a demonstrated commitment to improving environmental standards
  • While not turning their backs on their traditional U.S. markets, Canadian producers will be able to access new west coast U.S. and growing Asian markets
  • The Project will facilitate more investment in Canada
  • The Project will provide western U.S. markets with access to a long term, stable supply of energy
  • The Project will bring significant and lasting benefits to the economies and the people of northern B.C. and Alberta in an environmentally safe and sustainable way
  • Northern Gateway will provide a net benefit to Canada by opening a secondary market for Canada’s oil export trade with emerging Asian markets, and strengthen the nation’s position as a global energy producer

Project Need & Public Interest

  • Projections use the 2009 CAPP forecast as basis for supply
  • Over 10 year period after project start up: Would result in annual producer revenues increasing by $2.39 billion in the first full year growing to $4.47 billion by 2025.
    • Synthetic crude pricing would rise $2.04/bbl
    • Athabasca Dilbit would increase $3.00/bbl
  • When adjusted for Northern Gateway toll, increased transportation costs on the Enbridge mainline (due to volume decreases), as well as increased Canadian refinery feedstock costs the net benefit to the Canadian Oil and Gas industry would be $28 billion over the first 10 years
  • Total benefits to all Canadians over a 30 year period (direct and indirect benefits, including capital program, operations and net back effects on producers):
    • GDP would increase $270B
    • Labor income - $48B
    • Employment years – 558,000
    • Federal, Provincial and Territorial Government revenues - $81B

The Oilers' PowerPoint Presentation